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Comparing Jumbo Coturnix and Japanese Quail: What Sets Them Apart?

Comparing Jumbo Coturnix and Japanese Quail: What Sets Them Apart?

Comparing Jumbo Coturnix and Japanese Quail: What Sets Them Apart?
Posted on May 8th, 2024.

When it comes to raising quail for meat and eggs, two popular choices emerge: the Jumbo Coturnix and the Japanese Quail. Understanding the differences between these two varieties is essential for any poultry enthusiast.

Let's delve into the distinctions to help you make an informed decision for your flock.

Jumbo Coturnix Quail: A Robust Breed

The Jumbo Coturnix quail, also known as Pharaoh Coturnix, stands out as a robust and highly sought-after breed among poultry enthusiasts. Renowned for its impressive size and exceptional productivity, the Jumbo Coturnix quail is a top choice for those seeking substantial yields of meat and eggs.

Impressive Dimensions

One of the defining features of the Jumbo Coturnix quail is its notable size. Unlike its smaller counterparts, the Jumbo Coturnix quail boasts a substantial build, with adults typically weighing between 10 to 14 ounces. This larger stature not only enhances its visual appeal but also contributes to its meaty yield, making it an attractive option for those prioritizing quantity and size.

Abundant and Flavorful

Thanks to its generous size, the Jumbo Coturnix quail is prized for its abundant meat production. Whether raised for personal consumption or commercial purposes, these quails offer a flavorful and tender meat that satisfies even the most discerning palates. Their ample size translates to plump breasts and ample portions, making them a favorite among chefs and home cooks alike.

Thriving in Various Environments

Another advantage of the Jumbo Coturnix quail is its hardy and adaptable nature, capable of thriving in a range of environments. Whether raised in backyard coops or larger commercial facilities, these quails exhibit resilience to various climate conditions and management practices. Their adaptability makes them an excellent choice for breeders seeking low-maintenance poultry options without compromising on productivity or performance.

Japanese Quail: Compact and Colorful

The Japanese Quail, scientifically known as Coturnix coturnix japonica, embodies a unique combination of compact size, vibrant plumage, and charming demeanor. While smaller in stature compared to the Jumbo Coturnix, these quails possess their own distinctive traits and advantages that make them a popular choice among poultry enthusiasts.

Maximizing Space Efficiency

One of the defining characteristics of the Japanese Quail is its compact size, making it an ideal option for breeders with limited space or those seeking efficient utilization of available resources. With adults typically weighing around 6 to 7 ounces on average, Japanese quails require less space and feed compared to larger breeds, making them well-suited for backyard coops, urban settings, or small-scale operations.

A Feast for the Eyes

In addition to their practical attributes, Japanese quails are renowned for their striking plumage, which adds a splash of color and visual interest to any flock. Available in a variety of captivating color varieties, including the classic Wild Type, elegant Italian, exotic Tibetan, and enchanting Golden Manchurian, these quails offer breeders the opportunity to create visually captivating and diverse flocks that appeal to both enthusiasts and consumers alike. But wait....we have a special announcement here at Bresse Star Chick Hatchery, not only are we starting a Quail Division , called Utah's Black Orchid Quail Farms, we are specializing in a very rare color that was just introduced to the USA in 2019. We are currently the only Breeder of these quail in Utah that is NPIP & AI certified. Which means you can trust that our Birds are very healthy. This Quail we are talking about is a Coturnix Quail however it is Black Quail with Black feet. Very very rare.

More info coming.....

Low-Maintenance and Docile

One of the key advantages of Japanese quails lies in their ease of management and docile temperament. These quails adapt well to captivity and thrive in communal settings, making them an excellent choice for breeders of all experience levels. With minimal requirements for space, feed, and maintenance, Japanese quails offer an accessible entry point into poultry keeping while still providing the satisfaction of raising productive and engaging birds.

Size Matters: Contrasting Dimensions

When comparing Jumbo Coturnix and Japanese Quail, one of the most evident disparities lies in their physical dimensions. These differences not only affect their appearance but also influence various aspects of their suitability for different breeding purposes.

Male Japanese quail typically weigh 5 - 7 ounces. The females are slightly heavier at 6 to 8.5 ounces. Jumbo Coturnix quail are 10 to 15 ounces. Jumbo quail have been selected for rapid growth and feed efficiency. Some breeders are trying to breed the Jumbo's to be over 16 oz. However we feel if they want bigger they should go to a small chicken. The fatter the Quail the less eggs they lay. We, as well as a few other breeders are wanting to stay under 16 oz so we can keep the egg laying benefits as high as we can. Quail by the way are fairly disease resistant.

The Giant Among Quails

The Jumbo Coturnix quail earns its name for a reason: it's notably larger than its Japanese counterpart. With adults typically weighing between 10 to 14 ounces, these quails command attention with their robust build and substantial stature. Their larger size translates not only to a more imposing presence in the coop but also to increased meat yield for those seeking substantial quantities of quail meat.

Compact Yet Mighty

In contrast, the Japanese Quail presents a more diminutive figure, albeit one brimming with vitality and charm. With an average weight ranging from 6 to 7 ounces, these quails may not possess the heft of their Jumbo Coturnix cousins, but they make up for it in other ways. Their smaller size makes them well-suited for breeders with limited space or those seeking to maximize efficiency in housing and feed consumption.

Eggcellent Production: Comparing Egg Laying Abilities

When it comes to egg production, both Jumbo Coturnix and Japanese quails are renowned for their prolific laying capabilities. However, there are some notable differences between the two breeds that breeders should consider when selecting the most suitable option for their operation.

Consistency and Size

Jumbo Coturnix quails are prized for their consistent and sizable egg production. Hens of this breed typically lay a significant number of eggs throughout the year, providing breeders with a steady and reliable supply. What sets Jumbo Coturnix eggs apart is not only their abundance but also their size. These quails tend to lay larger eggs compared to Japanese quails, making them particularly appealing for those prioritizing egg size and quality.

Prolific Layers

Japanese quails are no slouches when it comes to egg production either. Despite their smaller size, hens of this breed demonstrate impressive productivity, laying a substantial number of eggs throughout the year. While Japanese quail eggs may be smaller compared to those of Jumbo Coturnix, their prolific laying capabilities compensate for their size, making them an excellent choice for breeders seeking a steady supply of eggs for personal consumption or commercial purposes.

Making the Right Choice for Your Flock

Deciding between Jumbo Coturnix and Japanese Quail requires careful consideration of various factors, each of which contributes to the overall success and satisfaction of your quail-raising venture. By weighing the following considerations, you can make an informed choice that aligns with your goals and preferences.

Space and Housing Requirements

One of the primary considerations when selecting a quail breed is the space and housing available for your flock. Jumbo Coturnix quails, with their larger size, may require more spacious accommodations compared to the compact Japanese quails. If you have limited space or are planning to raise quails in a backyard coop or urban setting, Japanese quails may be the more practical choice due to their smaller footprint.

Meat, Eggs, or Both?

Another crucial factor to consider is your production goals. Are you primarily interested in raising quails for meat, eggs, or both? Jumbo Coturnix quails excel in meat production, offering larger-sized birds and substantial meat yields. If meat production is your priority, Jumbo Coturnix quails may be the preferred choice. On the other hand, if you're focused on egg production and prefer smaller birds that consume less feed and space, Japanese quails may better suit your needs.

Egg Size and Consistency

If egg production is a significant aspect of your quail-raising venture, consider the size and consistency of the eggs produced by each breed. Jumbo Coturnix quails lay larger eggs compared to Japanese quails, making them a preferred choice for those who value egg size and quality. However, Japanese quails are also prolific layers, offering a steady supply of smaller eggs that may be more suitable for certain culinary applications or personal consumption.

Management and Care

Consider your level of experience and resources when choosing a quail breed. While both Jumbo Coturnix and Japanese quails are relatively easy to care for, Jumbo Coturnix quails may require slightly more space and feed due to their larger size. Additionally, factors such as temperament and behavior should be taken into account to ensure a harmonious and stress-free environment for your flock.

Related: Exploring Best Pet Chicken Breeds To Grow In Your Backyard


Whether you're a seasoned breeder or a novice enthusiast, Utah - Bresse Star Chick Hatchery is here to support your poultry endeavors. That is why we started a whole different division called Utah's Black Orchid Quail Farms. Explore our wide selection of baby chicks and poultry supplies to kickstart your quail-raising journey. For those interested in adding Jumbo Coturnix or Japanese Quail to their flock, visit our website here or contact us at (385) 288-1160. Let's raise healthy and vibrant quails together!

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